lab german shorthair mix

Discover the Best Traits of a Lab German Shorthair Mix

The Lab German Shorthair Mix is a hybrid breed that combines the traits of the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Labrador Retriever. These energetic, playful, and intelligent dogs are known for their loyalty and friendliness. With their short-haired, water-resistant coat and various color options, Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are a delight to have as part of any active family. They excel as watchdogs, thanks to their alertness and sociability.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways:

  • Lab German Shorthair Mix is a hybrid breed, combining the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Labrador Retriever.
  • They are energetic, playful, and intelligent dogs.
  • Lab German Shorthair Mix has a short-haired, water-resistant coat and comes in various colors.
  • These dogs are suitable for very active families who can provide them with plenty of exercise and attention.
  • They make excellent watchdogs and are known for their alertness and sociability.

Physical Characteristics of Lab German Shorthair Mix

The Lab German Shorthair Mix is a large dog breed known for its distinctive physical traits. With a height ranging from 26 to 28 inches and a weight between 55 and 80 pounds, these dogs have a strong and muscular build. Their slender bodies are complemented by broad skulls, long muzzles, and large floppy ears.

One of the standout features of the Lab German Shorthair Mix is its short-haired, water-resistant coat. This coat comes in various colors, including chocolate, yellow, black, white, brown, and black and tan. This breed’s coat is relatively low maintenance, requiring only regular brushing to keep it clean and tangle-free.

Overall, the Lab German Shorthair Mix is an impressive-looking dog with a combination of its parent breeds’ physical traits. Its large size and athletic physique make it an ideal companion for families who enjoy an active lifestyle.

Physical Characteristics at a Glance

HeightWeightCoatColors
26-28 inches55-80 poundsShort-haired, water-resistantChocolate, yellow, black, white, brown, black and tan

Temperament and Personality Traits

The Lab German Shorthair Mix is known for its exceptional temperament and a wide range of personality traits. These dogs are highly intelligent, alert, and loyal, making them fantastic companions for families and individuals alike. Their friendly nature and sociability make them easy to bond with and a joy to be around. Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs thrive on human interaction and are happiest when they are included in family activities.

With their high energy levels and playful nature, Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and content. They excel in activities like agility, obedience training, and playing fetch. These activities not only provide physical exercise but also challenge their intellect and help prevent boredom. Regular exercise is essential for their overall well-being and helps maintain their physical health.

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are highly trainable due to their intelligence and desire to please their owners. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods, such as rewards and praise. With consistent training and socialization from a young age, these dogs can become well-behaved, obedient, and adaptable pets. Training should include basic commands, leash training, and proper socialization with other animals and people.

“These dogs are highly trainable and eager to please, making them easy to train and teach tricks.” – TrainerDogs.com

TraitsDescription
IntelligentThe Lab German Shorthair Mix is a highly intelligent and quick-thinking dog breed. They are capable of learning new commands and tasks with ease.
LoyalThese dogs are deeply devoted to their families and form strong bonds with their owners. They are loyal and protective of their loved ones, making them excellent watchdogs.
FriendlyLab German Shorthair Mix dogs are known for their friendly and sociable nature. They are welcoming towards strangers and get along well with other pets when properly socialized.
ActiveWith their high energy levels, Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs require regular exercise to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. They excel in activities that challenge their agility and endurance.

Best Living Environment for Lab German Shorthair Mix

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are active and energetic, requiring a living environment that can accommodate their exercise needs. They are best suited for families with a large apartment or preferably a house with a yard. These dogs need plenty of space to run and play. They enjoy outdoor activities, such as running, jogging, and playing fetch. Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are not well-suited for apartment living or confined spaces without access to regular exercise.

Providing a suitable living environment for Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs is essential for their well-being and overall happiness. A house with a secure backyard is ideal, as it allows these energetic dogs to have the freedom to roam and play. A yard provides ample space for them to run and burn off their excess energy. Regular exercise is important to keep these dogs physically and mentally stimulated, as it helps prevent behavioral issues that can arise from boredom or pent-up energy.

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs thrive in an environment where they have the space to explore, play, and exercise. They are happiest when they can spend ample time outdoors, engaging in activities that allow them to channel their boundless energy.

If you live in an apartment or don’t have a backyard, it is still possible to provide a suitable living environment for a Lab German Shorthair Mix. However, it will require more effort and dedication to meet their exercise needs. Regular walks, trips to the park, and engaging in indoor activities such as interactive toys and games can help provide the physical and mental stimulation they require.

Regardless of the living environment, it is important to remember that Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are social animals that thrive on human companionship. They need to be included as part of the family and be given ample opportunities to socialize with humans and other pets. They are most content when they are given the time, attention, and love they deserve.

Living EnvironmentSuitability
House with backyardIdeal for providing ample space for running and playing
Apartment or confined spaceRequires dedicated exercise and mental stimulation to meet their needs

Training and Socialization

Training and socialization are crucial aspects of raising a Lab German Shorthair Mix. These intelligent and eager-to-please dogs thrive in an environment that provides mental stimulation and clear boundaries. Starting training from a young age is recommended to establish good behavior and obedience.

Positive reinforcement training methods are highly effective for Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs. Reward-based training, using treats and praise, helps to reinforce desired behaviors and create a strong bond between the dog and their owner. It is important to be patient, consistent, and firm but gentle during training sessions.

Socialization is equally important for Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs. Exposing them to different people, animals, and environments from an early age helps them develop good social skills and adaptability. Taking them to puppy kindergarten classes, dog parks, and on regular outings can provide valuable opportunities for socialization.

Training Tips for Lab German Shorthair Mix:

  • Start training from a young age
  • Use positive reinforcement methods
  • Be consistent and patient
  • Provide mental stimulation through puzzle toys and interactive games
  • Enroll in puppy kindergarten or obedience classes
  • Expose them to different people, animals, and environments

Remember, every dog is unique, and training methods may need to be tailored to suit their individual personality and needs. Consulting with a professional dog trainer can provide additional guidance and support in training your Lab German Shorthair Mix.

Pros of TrainingCons of Lack of Training
  • Enhances communication and understanding between dog and owner
  • Promotes good behavior and obedience
  • Strengthens the bond and trust between dog and owner
  • Provides mental stimulation and a sense of accomplishment for the dog
  • Unruly behavior and disobedience
  • Difficulty in managing the dog in social settings
  • Potential for aggression due to lack of proper socialization
  • Increased risk of accidents or incidents

Exercise and Activity Needs

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are high-energy dogs that require regular exercise and physical activity to stay healthy and happy. These dogs have a lot of energy to burn, and providing them with ample exercise is essential for their physical and mental well-being. Daily outdoor activities are recommended, such as long walks, runs, and play sessions. They also enjoy engaging in activities that allow them to use their natural instincts, such as swimming, retrieving, and participating in dog sports like agility or obedience trials.

Not only do Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs need physical exercise, but they also require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. These intelligent and active dogs thrive when given tasks to complete and challenges to overcome. Puzzle toys, interactive games, and training sessions are excellent ways to provide mental stimulation for these dogs. Engaging their minds in addition to their bodies will help keep them happy and content.

“Providing Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs with regular exercise and mental stimulation is essential to prevent behavioral problems and ensure their overall well-being.”

It’s important to note that Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are not well-suited for apartment living or confined spaces without access to regular exercise. They thrive in active households that can meet their exercise needs. If their exercise requirements are not met, these dogs may become bored and frustrated, which can lead to destructive behaviors such as excessive barking, chewing, or digging. Therefore, prospective owners should ensure that they have the time, space, and commitment to provide the necessary exercise and stimulation for a Lab German Shorthair Mix.

Exercise and Activity Recommendations:

  • Provide daily exercise through long walks, runs, or play sessions.
  • Engage in activities that allow them to use their natural instincts, such as swimming and retrieving.
  • Participate in dog sports like agility or obedience trials to challenge their minds and bodies.
  • Use puzzle toys and interactive games to provide mental stimulation.
  • Ensure a secure and spacious outdoor area for them to run and play.
  • Supervise their playtime with other dogs to prevent any potential conflicts.
ActivityFrequencyDuration
Long WalksDaily30-60 minutes
Runs / Jogging3-4 times a week20-30 minutes
Play SessionsDaily30 minutes to 1 hour
Swimming2-3 times a week15-20 minutes
Agility or Obedience Training1-2 times a week30-45 minutes

By meeting the exercise and activity needs of a Lab German Shorthair Mix, owners can ensure that these dogs lead happy, healthy, and fulfilled lives. Keeping them physically and mentally engaged will contribute to their overall well-being and strengthen the bond between the dog and their family.

Grooming Needs and Care

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs have a short-haired, water-resistant coat that is relatively low maintenance. Regular brushing once or twice a week is sufficient to keep their coat clean and free from tangles. These dogs shed moderately, and the shedding can increase during seasonal changes. Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs should be bathed as needed to keep them clean. Other grooming needs include regular teeth brushing, nail trimming, and ear cleaning to prevent any infections. Overall, Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are relatively low maintenance in terms of grooming.

While these dogs have a short coat, they still require regular grooming to keep them looking their best. Brushing their coat helps remove any loose hair and keeps their skin healthy. Additionally, grooming sessions allow you to check for any skin issues, ticks, or any other abnormalities that may require attention.

Aside from brushing, Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs require regular dental care. This includes daily tooth brushing with dog-friendly toothpaste to prevent dental issues such as tartar buildup and gum disease. Regular nail trims are also essential to prevent overgrowth and splitting, which can be painful for the dog. Lastly, it is important to clean their ears regularly to avoid any infections or irritations.

Grooming NeedsCare Frequency
BrushingOnce or twice a week
BathingAs needed
Teeth brushingDaily
Nail trimmingEvery 4-6 weeks
Ear cleaningAs needed, usually weekly

It is important to establish a regular grooming routine from a young age to help your Lab German Shorthair Mix become accustomed to the process. This will make grooming sessions easier and more enjoyable for both you and your dog.

Health and Potential Health Issues

While Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are generally healthy, they may be prone to certain health issues that can affect their parent breeds. It’s important for potential owners to be aware of these potential health concerns and take proactive measures to ensure the well-being of their dogs.

One common health issue that Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs may be susceptible to is hip dysplasia, a condition that affects the hip joints and can lead to pain and mobility problems. Other potential health issues include allergies, bloat or stomach dilatation, hypothyroidism, lymphedema, lower eyelid droop, heart disease, bone cancer, and elbow dysplasia.

To maintain the overall health of Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs, regular veterinary check-ups are essential. These check-ups can help detect any potential health issues early on and allow for appropriate treatment. Additionally, providing a balanced diet, regular exercise, and a safe living environment can contribute to the overall well-being of these dogs.

Table: Potential Health Issues in Lab German Shorthair Mix Dogs

Health IssueDescription
Hip DysplasiaAffecting the hip joints, can lead to pain and mobility problems.
AllergiesCan manifest as skin irritations or respiratory issues.
Bloat or Stomach DilatationA potentially life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists.
HypothyroidismA condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones.
LymphedemaA chronic condition characterized by swelling due to fluid buildup in the lymphatic system.
Lower Eyelid DroopA condition where the lower eyelid sags or droops, potentially causing irritation or eye problems.
Heart DiseaseVarious cardiac conditions that can affect the overall health and function of the heart.
Bone CancerA type of cancer that develops in the bones.
Elbow DysplasiaA condition affecting the elbow joint, causing pain and reduced mobility.

By being proactive in their care, providing regular veterinary check-ups, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, owners can help ensure that Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs live long and happy lives.

Lab German Shorthair Mix and Families

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are the perfect companions for families. Known for their friendly and gentle nature, they are well-suited for households with children. These dogs are loyal, affectionate, and have a natural instinct to protect their loved ones.

When properly supervised and taught how to interact with dogs, children can form a special bond with Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs. These dogs are patient and tolerant, making them great playmates for kids. They enjoy being part of the family activities and will happily join in on playtime and outdoor adventures.

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are also generally friendly with other pets if they have been socialized from a young age. With proper introductions and positive interactions, they can coexist peacefully with cats, other dogs, and small animals. However, it’s important to remember that each dog’s temperament may vary, so gradual introductions and ongoing supervision are necessary.

Benefits of Lab German Shorthair Mix for Families:

  • Friendly and gentle nature
  • Excellent playmates for children
  • Protective instincts
  • Potential to get along with other pets

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs thrive in an environment where they receive plenty of love, attention, and exercise. They enjoy being part of a family and are eager to please their owners. With their loyal and affectionate nature, they can quickly become cherished members of any household.

ProsCons
Friendly and gentleRequire regular exercise
Good playmates for childrenMay have separation anxiety if left alone for long periods
Protective instinctsMay have high energy levels and need active households
Potential to get along with other petsMay need early socialization to prevent any aggression towards other animals

Feeding and Nutrition

Proper nutrition is essential to keep your Lab German Shorthair Mix healthy and thriving. As a large breed dog, they have specific dietary needs that should be met to support their size, energy levels, and overall well-being. Feeding your Lab German Shorthair Mix a balanced diet that is appropriate for their breed can help prevent health issues and maintain a healthy weight.

When it comes to choosing the right food for your Lab German Shorthair Mix, opt for high-quality dog food that is specifically formulated for large breed dogs. Look for brands that use real meat as the main ingredient and avoid foods with artificial preservatives, flavors, or fillers. It is also important to consider their energy levels and select a food that provides the right amount of calories to fuel their active lifestyle.

Portion control is crucial to prevent overfeeding and obesity, especially considering the Labrador Retriever parentage, as Labs are prone to overeating. Follow the recommended feeding guidelines provided by the manufacturer based on your Lab German Shorthair Mix’s weight and activity level. It is important to divide their daily food allowance into two or three meals to prevent digestive issues and maintain a healthy metabolism.

Feeding Guidelines for Lab German Shorthair MixPuppiesAdults
Food Amount2-4 cups per day, divided into 3-4 meals3-5 cups per day, divided into 2-3 meals
Feeding Frequency3-4 times per day2-3 times per day
Food TypePuppy FormulaAdult Formula

In addition to providing a balanced diet, make sure your Lab German Shorthair Mix has access to fresh, clean water at all times. Hydration is crucial, especially after exercise or on hot days. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor your dog’s weight and overall health. If you have any concerns about your Lab German Shorthair Mix’s diet or nutrition, consult with your veterinarian for personalized recommendations.

Finding a Lab German Shorthair Mix

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs can be found through reputable breeders who specialize in hybrid breeds or through local shelters and rescue organizations. It is important to do thorough research and choose a reputable breeder or rescue organization that prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs may also be available for adoption from breed-specific rescue groups or through online platforms that connect potential owners with dogs in need of homes. Adopting a Lab German Shorthair Mix can be a rewarding experience and provides a loving home to a dog in need.

When looking for a Lab German Shorthair Mix, it is important to consider the following factors:

  1. The reputation and credibility of the breeder or rescue organization
  2. The health and temperament of the dog
  3. The compatibility of the dog with your family and lifestyle
  4. The availability and adoption process

“Adopting a dog from a shelter or rescue organization not only gives a deserving dog a second chance at life but also provides you with a loyal and loving companion.”

Before bringing a Lab German Shorthair Mix home, it is advisable to schedule a visit to meet the dog and spend some time together. This will help you assess the dog’s behavior, temperament, and overall compatibility with your family. Additionally, ask for health records and any relevant documentation to ensure the dog has received proper veterinary care and vaccinations.

ConsiderationsReputable BreederRescue Organization
Health and TemperamentHealth testing of parent dogsAssessment of behavior and temperament
AvailabilityPossible waiting listAvailable dogs for adoption
CredentialsRegistered breederNonprofit status

By carefully selecting a Lab German Shorthair Mix from a reputable source, you can ensure that you are getting a healthy and well-adjusted dog that will bring joy and companionship to your life.

The Perfect Companion

The Lab German Shorthair Mix is an exceptional companion for families who lead active lifestyles. These intelligent and friendly dogs thrive in environments where they receive plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. With their loyal and gentle nature, Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs make excellent family pets and are well-suited for households with children and other pets.

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are known for their alertness and sociability, making them ideal watchdogs and friendly companions. They are highly trainable and eager to please, responding well to positive reinforcement methods. Training and socialization from a young age are essential for their development into well-behaved and well-adjusted dogs.

Exercise and activity are crucial for the physical and mental well-being of Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs. They require regular exercise, including long walks or runs, swimming, and engaging in dog sports. Meeting their exercise needs helps prevent boredom and destructive behavior, allowing them to thrive in an active household.

Grooming Needs and Care

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs have short-haired, water-resistant coats that are relatively low maintenance. Regular brushing once or twice a week helps keep their coats clean and free from tangles. These dogs shed moderately, especially during seasonal changes. Bathing should be done as needed to maintain cleanliness. Other grooming needs include regular teeth brushing, nail trimming, and ear cleaning to prevent infections.

Grooming NeedsCare
Regular brushing once or twice a weekTo keep the coat clean and free from tangles.
Moderate shedding, especially during seasonal changesRegular brushing helps manage shedding.
As needed bathingTo maintain cleanliness.
Regular teeth brushingTo maintain oral hygiene and prevent dental issues.
Nail trimmingTo keep the nails at an appropriate length.
Ear cleaningTo prevent infections and maintain ear health.

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are generally healthy but may be susceptible to certain health issues that can affect their parent breeds. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are crucial for maintaining their overall health and well-being. Responsible ownership and care can ensure a long and happy life for Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs.

Additional Resources and Further Reading

For more information and resources on Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs, there are various sources you can explore:

  • Visit the websites of breed-specific rescue organizations and local shelters. They often provide valuable information on adoption, care, and training of Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs. Some organizations may even have specific guidelines or criteria for adopting these hybrid breeds. Examples of such organizations include the German Shorthaired Pointer Club of America and the Labrador Retriever Club.
  • Research reputable breeders who specialize in Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs. These breeders prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs and can provide valuable insights into the breed. They can also help answer any questions you may have and guide you through the process of acquiring a Lab German Shorthair Mix.
  • Explore online forums and social media groups dedicated to Lab German Shorthair Mix owners and enthusiasts. These platforms are great resources for connecting with fellow dog lovers, sharing experiences, and seeking advice. You can find valuable tips and tricks on training, care, and finding the right Lab German Shorthair Mix for your family.

Remember, gathering as much information as possible before welcoming a Lab German Shorthair Mix into your home is key to ensuring a successful and fulfilling experience. By tapping into these additional resources, you can gain valuable insights and guidance to help you make informed decisions and build a strong bond with your Lab German Shorthair Mix.

Take the time to research and learn more about this unique hybrid breed to determine if they are the right fit for your lifestyle and family.

Image Credits

The images used in this article are credited to the following sources: Shutterstock (Stannyfield Shorthairs, EvaHeaven2018), MVolodymr, Alexander Rim. These images showcase Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs and depict their physical features and personalities. It is important to acknowledge the photographers and provide visual representation for our readers.

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs, also known as Labrador German Shorthair Mix or German Shorthaired Lab Mix, are a hybrid breed that combines the traits of the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Labrador Retriever. They are highly energetic, playful, and intelligent dogs that are loyal and friendly. With a short-haired, water-resistant coat and various colors such as chocolate, yellow, black, white, brown, and black and tan, they are a visually appealing breed.

These dogs are best suited for very active families who can provide them with plenty of exercise and attention. Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs make excellent watchdogs and are known for their alertness and sociability. They get along well with both humans and other pets when properly socialized. These dogs are highly trainable and eager to please, making them easy to train and teach tricks.

If you are interested in adopting a Lab German Shorthair Mix, you can find them through reputable breeders who specialize in hybrid breeds, local shelters, or rescue organizations. It is important to do thorough research and choose a reputable source that prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. The addition of a Lab German Shorthair Mix to your family can provide companionship and protection, making them a perfect choice for active and outdoorsy families.

FAQ

What is a Lab German Shorthair Mix?

The Lab German Shorthair Mix is a hybrid breed that combines the traits of the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Labrador Retriever.

What are the physical characteristics of Lab German Shorthair Mix?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are large with a height ranging from 26 to 28 inches and a weight between 55 and 80 pounds. They have a slender build, broad skulls, long muzzles, and large floppy ears. They have a short-haired coat that is water-resistant and comes in various colors.

What is the temperament and personality of Lab German Shorthair Mix?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are known for their alertness, intelligence, loyalty, and friendliness. They are highly active and playful, making them suitable for active families. They are also sociable and get along well with both humans and other pets.

What is the best living environment for Lab German Shorthair Mix?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs require a living environment that can accommodate their exercise needs. They are best suited for families with a large apartment or house with a yard. They need plenty of space to run and play.

How should Lab German Shorthair Mix be trained and socialized?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are highly intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and should be trained and socialized from a young age.

How much exercise do Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs need?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs are high-energy and require regular exercise. They should be taken for long walks or runs at least twice a day and enjoy activities like swimming, playing fetch, and participating in dog sports.

What are the grooming needs and care for Lab German Shorthair Mix?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs have a short-haired, water-resistant coat that is relatively low maintenance. Regular brushing once or twice a week is sufficient to keep their coat clean and free from tangles. They also require regular teeth brushing, nail trimming, and ear cleaning.

What are the potential health issues of Lab German Shorthair Mix?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs may be susceptible to health issues that can affect their parent breeds, such as hip dysplasia, allergies, bloat, hypothyroidism, and heart disease. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are important for their overall health.

Are Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs good with families?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs make great family pets and are well-suited for families with children. They are friendly and gentle, getting along well with children and other pets when properly socialized and supervised.

What should Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs be fed?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs require a balanced diet that is appropriate for their size and energy levels. High-quality dog food formulated for large breed dogs should be provided, and portion control is important to prevent overfeeding and obesity.

Where can I find a Lab German Shorthair Mix?

Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs can be found through reputable breeders who specialize in hybrid breeds or through local shelters and rescue organizations. Adopting a Lab German Shorthair Mix can be a rewarding experience and provides a loving home to a dog in need.

Are there additional resources and further reading on Lab German Shorthair Mix?

For more information and resources on Lab German Shorthair Mix dogs, you can visit the websites of breed-specific rescue organizations, local shelters, or reputable breeders. Online forums and social media groups dedicated to Lab German Shorthair Mix owners and enthusiasts can also provide valuable insights and tips.

Are there any image credits for the Lab German Shorthair Mix images used in this article?

The images used in this article are credited to the following sources: Shutterstock (Stannyfield Shorthairs, EvaHeaven2018), MVolodymr, Alexander Rim, Left Image – MVolodyr, Right Image – Alexander Rim.

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